PT2020 - PORTUGAL 2020
Trata-se do ACORDO DE PARCERIA adotado entre Portugal e a Comissão Europeia, que reúne a atuação dos 5 Fundos Europeus Estruturais e de Investimento - FEDER, Fundo de Coesão, FSE, FEADER e FEAMP - no qual se definem os princípios de programação que consagram a política de desenvolvimento económico, social e territorial para promover, em Portugal, entre 2014 e 2020.
Estes princípios de programação estão alinhados com o Crescimento Inteligente, Sustentável e Inclusivo, prosseguindo a ESTRATÉGIA EUROPA 2020.
Portugal vai receber 25 mil milhões de euros até 2020, para tal definiu os Objetivos Temáticos para estimular o crescimento e a criação de Emprego, as intervenções necessárias para os concretizar e as realizações e os resultados esperados com estes financiamentos.
Estímulo à produção de bens e serviços transacionáveis; Incremento das exportações; Transferência de resultados do sistema científico para o tecido produtivo; Cumprimento da escolaridade obrigatória até aos 18 anos; Redução dos níveis de abandono escolar precoce; Integração das pessoas em risco de pobreza e combate à exclusão social; Promoção do desenvolvimento sustentável, numa óptica de eficiência no uso dos recursos; Reforço da coesão territorial, particularmente nas cidades e em zonas de baixa densidade; Racionalização, modernização e capacitação da Administração Pública, são os principais objetivos das poliíticas a prosseguir no Portugal2020.
Merece ainda destaque a Estratégia de Investigação e Inovação de Portugal para uma Especialização Inteligente nas suas componentes NACIONAL e REGIONAIS: NORTE | CENTRO | LISBOA | ALENTEJO | ALGARVE | AÇORES | MADEIRA - aprovada a 23 de dezembro de 2014, que identifica as grandes apostas estratégicas inteligentes, que são temas com especialização científica, tecnológica e económica, nos quais Portugal e as suas regiões detêm vantagens comparativas e competitivas ou que revelaram potencial de emergir como tais. O alinhamento com essas estratégias constitui obrigatoriedade na concretização dos investimentos do Portugal 2020 em Investigação, Desenvolvimento tecnológico e Inovação (OT 1) e prioridade noutros casos, como por exemplo, no âmbito dos apoios à competitividade das PME (OT 3).
Por iniciativa das autoridades portuguesas foi efetuada a AVALIAÇÃO EX ANTE DO ACORDO DE PARCERIA, sustentada num processo interativo de reflexão que reforçou o escrutínio das principais escolhas estratégicas.
QREN – Quadro de Referência Estratégico Nacional
QREN's main strategic aim is the qualification of portuguese people, valuing knowledge, science, technology and innovation, as well as the promotion of high and sustainable levels of economic, social and cultural development and territorial qualification, in a framework valuing equal opportunities, as well as efficiency and quality increase of public institutions, with the support of Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund, by all operational programmes between 2007-2013:
- Operational Agenda for Human Potential
- Operational Agenda for Competitiveness Factors
- Operational Agenda for Territorial Valorization
The implementation of these three Thematic Agendas is operationalized through the guiding principles of QREN - concentration, selectivity, economic viability and financial sustainability, cohesion and territorial valorization and strategic management and monitoring - by the following Operational Programmes:
- Thematic Operational Programmes - Human Potential, Competitiveness Factores and Territorial Valorization - co-funded respectivelly by the European Social Fund (ESF), by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), and jointly by the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund
- Regional Operational Programmes of the Continent - North, Center, Lisbon, Alentejo and Algarve - co-funded by the European Fund for Regional Development
- Operational Programmes of the Autonomous Regions - Azores and Madeira - co-funded by the European Fund for Regional Development and by the European Social Fund
- Operational Programmes of Crossborder Territorial Cooperation (Portugal-Spain and Mediterranean Basin), Transnational (Atlantic Space, European Southwest, Mediterranean and Madeira-Azores-Canary Islands), Interregional and of Interregional Networks of Cooperation, co-funded by the European Fund for Regional Development and by the European Social Fund
- Technical Assistance Operational Programmes, co-funed by the European Fund for Regional Development and by the European Social Fund
FCG - Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian
The Foundations develops a wide range of activity in Portugal and abroad as part of its statutory purposes through direct activities, grants and scholarships.
Foundation features an orchestra and a choir that act throughout the year in the scope of a regular season; directs individual and collective expositions of portuguese and foreign artists; promotes international conferences, colloquiums, courses; distributes loans and provides scholarships for specializations and PhD's in Portugal and abroad; supports programs and projects of scientific, educational and artistic nature; develops an intense editorial activity, mostly through its editorial plan of university manuals; promotes and stimulates projects to help develop portuguese speaking African countries and Timor; promotes portuguese culture abroad; develops a program for protection of the testimonials that state the portuguese presence across the world.
Besides its activities in Portugal and abroad, of promoting portuguese culture, the Foundation developed an activities program for the Armenian Diaspora to spread their language and culture.
In the international plan, the Foundation belongs to the European Foundation Centre (EFC) and is present in several forums of the artistic field, of support for scientific and educational development.
FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
FCT's mission is to continually promote the advancement of scientific and technological knowledge in Portugal, exploiting revealed opportunities in all scientific and technological domains to reach the higher international patterns of knowledge build-up, and stimulate it's diffusion and contribution to improve education, health and the environment, towards the overall quality of life and well being.
This mission is mainly accomplished through granted funding, as a result of the merit evaluation of institutional, centered or individual proposals presented in public calls, and also through cooperation agreements and other ways of support in partnership with universities and public/private institutions in Portugal, and overseas.
FP7 - Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community
The 7th Framework Programme is suited to the needs of the EU in terms of growth and employment.
After an extensive public consultation, four fundamental goals were identified corresponding to four specific programs that should structure the efforts of european research.
Four specific programs
The Cooperation Program has the aim of fostering the cooperation and enhancing the relations between industry and research in a transnational context.
The goal is building and consolidating a European leadership in the key-domains of research.
Holds 9 themes, autonomous in their management, but complementary in their implementation:
- food, agriculture and biotechnologies
- nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials and new production technologies
- environment(including climate changes)
- transportation (including a aeronautics)
- socioeconomic and human sciences
- security and space
The IDEAS Program is meant to reinforce the "crossborder research" in Europe, which means discovering new knowledges that fundamentally change our vision of the world and our way of life.
For this purpose, the new European Research Council will support more innovative and ambitious projects.
In this new guiding structure of european research, a scientic council will define the priorities and scientific strategies in an independent way.
The goal is to strengthen European research excellence, by encouraging competition and risk taking.
The PEOPLE Program moves important financial resources destined to improve the carreer prospects of researchers in Europe, and to atract furthermore high quality and young researchers.
The Commission wishes to foster training and mobility in order to seize all the potential of research personnel in Europe.
This program is based on the success of the Marie Curie actions which offer for several years now the possibility of training and mobility for european researchers.
The CAPACITY-BUILDING Program must offer to researchers efficient tools that might srtengthen the quality and competitiveness of european research.
It's about investing more in research infrastructures in underdeveloped regions, in building regional research poles and in researching to benefit SME.
This outlook mush also reflect the importance of international cooperation in research, and the role science plays in society.
Besides, the 7FP will finances direct actions from the Common Research Centre (CCI) as well as actions covered by the Euratom Program in the following domains:
- Research on Fusion Energy
- Nuclear Fission and Radiation Protection
ESF - European Science Foundation
The European Science Foundation (ESF) is an association of 77 organisations (February 2008) dedicated to scientific research in 30 european countries. Since it's foundation in 1974, it has coordinated a great variety of scientific and pan-european activities.
The core purpose of ESF is to promote scientific research of high quality at an european level. ESF is committed to facilitating the cooperation and collaboration in european science to benefit the composing organisations and the european scientific community.
COST – European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research
COST – European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research – is the oldest and most wide european framework of research activities coordination financed at a national level.
It's based on a intergovernmental board of cooperation, agreed upon in a Ministerial Conference that took place November 1971, in Brussels, and that involves 19 european countries.
prrently COST has 34 european countries as members and another cooperative (Israel).
COST's mission is to strengthen scientific and technical research in Europe through the support, cooperation and interaction amongst european researchers.
It's goal is to maximize the european synergy and the added value in non-competitive, pre normative research.
The funds provided by COST support coordination costs of researchers networks (actions^), whose research is finances at a national level.
Currently there are more than 200 actions in course, involving around 30 000 researchers.
COST is considered a key element in the European Space for Research.
COST develops its activities in 9 scientific domains:
- Biomedicine and Molecular Biosciences
- Food and Agriculture
- Forests, its Products and Services
- Materials, Physics and Nanosciences
- Chemistry, Sciences and Molecular Technologies
- Earth System Science and Environmental Management
- Individuals, Society, Cultures and Health
- Information and Communication Technologies
- Transport and Urban Development
CYTED - Programa Ibero-Americano de Ciência e Tecnologia para o Desenvolvimento
The Iberic-american program of science and technology for development (CYTED) was created in 1984 through an interinstitutional agreement of 19 coutries in Latin America, Spain and Portugal.
CYTED Program is defined as a intergovernamental program of multilateral cooperation in Science and Technology, which includes different perspectives and visions to foster the cooperation in Research and Innovation for the development of the iberic-american region.
CYTED Program has as its main goal to contribute for the harmonious development of the iberic-american region by establishing cooperation mechanisms between research groups in Universities, Research Centres, and innovative Companies of iberic-american countries that intend the prossecution of scientific and technological results transferable for the productive systems and social policies.
Since 1995, CYTED Program is formaly included in the cooperation programmes of the iberic-american governamental and heads of state summits.
The program's goals are to increase the competitiveness of the european audiovisual industry, allowing Europe to perform its cultural and political role in the world more effectivelly, to provide the consumer with further choice possibilities and to increase cultural diversity.
The program seeks to improve the access to markets in third-world countries and create trust and long-lasting professional relations.
The program presents 3 main goals:
- information, training and market knowledge exhange to strengthen the professional skills of State-Members in EU and other countries and improve the level of training and knowledge.
- competitiveness and distribution to facilititate searching for partners in co-productions, to stimulate sales and to promote international audiovisual pieces.
- spreading to encourage film operators in european countries, and others, to reciprocally increase the programming and exhibition conditions of exclusive premieres of audiovisual pieces, to increase the supply of audiovisual contents and improve the broadcasting and distribution conditions of audiovisual pieces from other countries through european distribution channels, as well as european pieces through other countrie's distribution channels and facilitating events and initiatives management in the domain of film culture.